UNFCCC

Durban News Updates and Climate Briefings

This is a collection of 29 News Updates and two Briefing Papers prepared by the Third World Network for and during the recent United Nations Climate Change Talks – the Seventeenth Conference of the Parties (COP 17) to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Seventh Session of the Conference of the Parties serving as the Meeting of the Parties (CMP 7) to the Kyoto Protocol – in Durban, South Africa from 28 November to 9 December 2011.

Contents

Updates

1 Critical Issues Facing Durban Climate Conference

2 Durban to Decide Fate of Green Climate Fund

3 Durban Should Not be Burial Ground of Kyoto Protocol – Says G77/China

4 CBDR Must Guide Work on International Transport Emissions, Say Several Developing Countries

5 G77 and China Calls for Fair and Equal Treatment of Issues

6 SBI Resumes Work With Full Agenda

7 Deep Disagreements as Kyoto Protocol Talks Begin

8 Clash of Views on Need for Durban Mandate

9 COP Discusses Green Climate Fund and Other Issues

10 US-EU Disagreement over Addressing Mitigation Gap

11 Deep Divide over Legal Form

12 Statements Made by China on Behalf of Brazil, South Africa, India and China at COP17 and CMP7

13 Durban Battle on Climate Regime’s Future

14 Second Commitment Period Remains Elusive

15 Reactions to “Amalgamation Draft Texts”

16 Divergent Views on “Various Approaches”

17 Key Messages on Climate Change Negotiations for 17th Conference of the Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change and the 7th Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol

18 Deep Divide over Russian Proposal to Amend UNFCCC Article 4.2(f)

19 Leaders Outline Expectations for Durban

20 Ministers to Address Difficult Issues

21 New Market Mechanism Debated in “Various Approaches” Text

22 Kyoto Protocol Work Still Unresolved

23 “Various Approaches” Text to Go to Ministers

24 Negotiations Intensify on Durban Final Outcomes

25 Major Clash of Paradigms in Launch of New Climate Talks

26 AWG-LCA Chair Transmits Reports for Adoption Despite Strong Protests

27 Decision on Green Climate Fund Adopted

28 Kyoto Protocol “Second Commitment Period” Remains Uncertain

29 Movement of Technology Mechanism in Durban Outcome

CLIMATE BRIEFINGS FOR DURBAN

Briefings

1 Ecological Agriculture is Climate Resilient

2 Lessons Learned from the Financial Crisis – A Cautionary Tale for the Green Climate Fund

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After Durban: Risk of delay in raising ambition lowers chances for 2°C, while heading for 3.5°C

The Durban Climate Summit concluded with groundbreaking establishment of a new body to negotiate a global agreement covering all countries by 2015 (Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action). With a new agreement not scheduled to take effect until 2020 the new agreement appears unlikely to affect the level of action in 2020 already pledged.

As the agreements in Durban do not propose additional action before 2020 the risk of exceeding 2°C remains very high. Action to implement the Durban Agreements will need to be quick to increase emission mitigation and hence have a chance at reaching this goal. Catching up on postponed action is costly and the technological and economic options required to do so are largely untested - or unknown. The Climate Action Tracker estimates that global mean warming would reach about 3.5°C by 2100 with the reduction proposals currently on the table.

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Draft decision -/CP.17 Durban Platform

The United Nations Climate Change Conference, Durban 2011, delivered a breakthrough on the international community's response to climate change. In the second largest meeting of its kind, the negotiations advanced, in a balanced fashion, the implementation of the Convention and the Kyoto Protocol, the Bali Action Plan, and the Cancun Agreements. The outcomes included a decision by Parties to adopt a universal legal agreement on climate change as soon as possible, and no later than 2015. The President of COP17/CMP7 Maite Nkoana-Mashabane said: "What we have achieved in Durban will play a central role in saving tomorrow, today."

Decisions adopted by COP 17 and CMP 7

1.Establishment of an Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action

2.Report of the Ad Hoc Working Group on Long-term Cooperative Action under the Convention

3.Launching of the Green Climate Fund

4.Technology Executive Commitee - modalities and procedures

5.National adaptation plans

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The Emission Gaps Report (UNEP)

Climate change represents one of the greatest challenges but also an inordinate opportunity to catalyze a transition to a low-carbon, resource efficient Green Economy.

This report informs governments and the wider community on how far a response to climate change has progressed over the past 12 months, and thus how far the world is on track to meet wider goals.

The pledges associated with the Copenhagen Accord of 2009 are the point of departure for this report. What might be achieved in terms of limiting a global temperature rise to 2ºC or less in the 21st century and in terms of setting the stage for a Green Economy?

And what remains to be done - what is the gap between scientific reality and the current level of ambition of nations?

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Decision 2/CP.15 Copenhagen Accord

The Conference of the Parties (COP), at its fifteenth session, took note of the Copenhagen Accord of 18 December 2009 by way of decision 2/CP.15.

The chapeau of the Copenhagen Accord lists the following 114 Parties agreeing to the Accord:*

Albania, Algeria, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Benin, Bhutan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Canada, Central African Republic, Chile, China, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, European Union, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kiribati, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lesotho, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxemburg, Madagascar, Malawi, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mexico, Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Samoa, San Marino, Senegal, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Swaziland, Switzerland, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United Republic of Tanzania, United States of America, Uruguay, Zambia.

Since the issuance of the report of the COP on its fifteenth session, the secretariat has received communications from the following Parties expressing their intention to be listed as agreeing to the Accord:

Afghanistan, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Belize, Brunei Darussalam, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Chad, Comores, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Honduras, Jamaica, Kenya, Liberia, Mauritius, Mozambique, Nigeria, Saint Lucia, Tajikistan, Timor-Leste, Togo, Uganda, Ukraine, Viet Nam.
As a result, the total number of Parties that have expressed their intention to be listed as agreeing to the Accord is 141.

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Text of Decision 1/CP.13 The Bali Road Map

Report of the Conference of the Parties on its thirteenth session, held in Bali from 3 to 15 December 2007. Addendum. Part Two: Action taken by the Conference of the Parties at its thirteenth session.

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Text of the convention

The Convention on Climate Change sets an overall framework for intergovernmental efforts to tackle the challenge posed by climate change. It recognizes that the climate system is a shared resource whose stability can be affected by industrial and other emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases.

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by ThaiWebExpert